In order to list all files and directories using an SSH client, you would need to execute the appropriate command. The command name, in this case, is ls and it accepts various parameters.
When using the command alone (without arguments):
$ ls 404.html Downloads index.html Public Videos Desktop examples.desktop Music Templates Documents hs_err_pid5482.log Pictures Ubuntu One
the output will be all visible files and folders without additional formatting or information.
In order to view more information about the files (such as their permissions, ownership, last modified date, etc) and at the same time to list the files and directories, you would need to supply additional arguments to the command. The most common arguments are as follows:
ls –a (Short from –all)
$ ls -a . .gconf .mozilla .. .gimp-2.8 Music 404.html .gksu.lock .opera .adobe .gnome2 Pictures .apport-ignore.xml .gnome2_private .pki .arcot .gnome-color-chooser .profile .aspell.en.prepl .goutputstream-BT8DYW Public .aspell.en.pws .goutputstream-JP29TW .pulse .bash_history .goutputstream-M53BTW .pulse-cookie .bash_logout .goutputstream-QVCI0W .purple .bashrc .goutputstream-XL8AZW .putty .cache .gphoto .remmina .compiz .gstreamer-0.10 .speech-dispatcher .config .gtk-bookmarks .ssh .dbus .gtkrc-2.0-gnome-color-chooser Templates Desktop .gvfs .thumbnails .dmrc hs_err_pid5482.log .thunderbird Documents .ICEauthority Ubuntu One Downloads .icons Videos examples.desktop index.html .Xauthority .filezilla .java .xsession-errors .fonts .local .xsession-errors.old .freerdp .macromedia .furiusisomount .mission-control
(Short from –Recursive) Lists recursively (i.e follows subfolders as well) all files and folders under the current directory.
(Short from –long) Lists all files and folders, each on a separate line, and provides additional information about them (permissions, ownership and modified date)The arguments, as is with most Unix based commands, can be combined. For example:
will list all files (even the hidden files starting with dot), provide more information about them and will continue recursively into each subfolder.